The Key Differences Between THC and CBD: Understanding the Two Primary Cannabinoids in Cannabis

medical cannabis cbd and thc

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (Cannabidiol) are the two primary cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. 


Both compounds have been found to have therapeutic benefits, but they have different effects on the body and mind. Understanding the key differences between THC and CBD can help individuals make informed decisions about which cannabis products to use and how to use them.

THC is the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis, responsible for the “high” associated with cannabis use. It binds to cannabinoid receptors in the brain, leading to changes in mood, perception, and behavior.

While more research needs to be done, there are indications that THC can reduce pain and inflammation, making it useful for treating conditions such as chronic pain and arthritis. However, high doses of THC can lead to anxiety, paranoia, and hallucinations.

CBD, on the other hand, is non-psychoactive, meaning it doesn’t cause a “high.” It also binds to cannabinoid receptors in the body, but it does not have the same mind-altering effects as THC.

Research on CBD has been found to have a wide range of therapeutic benefits, including reducing anxiety and depression, reducing pain and inflammation, and improving sleep. It’s also been found to have neuroprotective properties, which can help to protect the brain and nervous system from damage caused by inflammation and other stressors.

Another key difference between THC and CBD is their legal status.

THC is still illegal in many countries, and in places where cannabis is legal, there are usually limits on the amount of THC that can be present in products. CBD, on the other hand, is legal in many places, and is widely available in the form of oils, capsules, gummies, and other forms.

It’s worth noting that some strains of cannabis have a higher concentration of THC, while others have a higher concentration of CBD. Some strains also have a balance of both compounds. Cannabis products can also be specifically bred or processed to have higher or lower levels of one compound or the other.

If you are interested in talking to a health professional about your health and how CBD or THC might help you, consider booking a free, online consultation with one of our team at Hello MD. They can go over your medical history, current prescriptions and make recommendations on how you might use CBD or THC to help you.